H.O 6.0

4-Wheel & Off Road April 2005

by Alan Huber

photography Alan Huber

Banks Big Hoss Bundle for 6.0L Diesel Fords

One of the great experiences of life everyone should…well…experience is the power rush of a modern-day modified diesel. Once outfitted appropriately with proper-flowing exhaust, intake, and electronics programmed for maximum fuel delivery, a diesel will have the response of a gas engine but with two or three times the torque (and the horsepower ain’t too shabby neither).  The huge power output catapults you and your 4-ton 4×4 forward like some kind of demented amusement park ride.  It seems as if the power onslaught will never stop building. After a run using just half a pedal, you end up with a silly grin plastered across your face that won’t go away.

Gale Banks Engineering is one of the most respected and experienced providers of this kind of power intoxication. Banks has been making big power with turbocharging for three decades. They have worked extensively on applications for OEMs, the military, and racing, and have set records at speed trials. They know how to make your diesel better at towing or just more fun with the best possible combination of performance and reliability.

We wanted to try out Banks’ most complete kit, the Big Hoss Bundle, on one of today’s newest diesels, the 6.0L International-sourced V-8 in a Ford Super Duty. Big Hoss Bundles are also available for the GM Duramax and Dodge Cummins engines. We aren’t showing an entire install—the instructions included in the kit from Banks are plenty detailed for just about any gearhead. Here are some tips and quarter-mile trips we worked out on an ’04 F-250.

 


 

Banks KitsDirty Side Down

First, you don’t have to buy the entire kit all at once. The Banks kit can be bought and added in steps as funds are available. The Monster exhaust replaces the entire factory system, including Ford’s turbine outlet pipe (T.O.P.). The Banks pieces are all made of 4-inch-diameter, free-flowing, stainless steel tubing at least until you get back to the tailpipe tip, which is a massive 5-inch, double-walled, polished can. The Monster muffler is a straight-through design with an expansion chamber filled with high-temperature ceramic packing, which flows two times better than the stock Ford piece. In fact, Banks claims the entire system cuts backpressure by 73 percent, which you won’t doubt once you’ve seen the tube size and smooth bends. Here are some hints and tips to get rid of the stock exhaust and get the Banks Monster in place.

 

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Banks1. Begin at the rear of the truck and start removing sections of the factory exhaust.
TIP:
Drop and remove the spare tire so that the tailpipe can be snaked out over the rearend.  Sometimes it’s awkward to disconnect the rubber hangers while lying on your back, so just unbolt the brackets from the frame and move to the driveway or workbench where it’ll be easier to pull them off.  You’ll need to reuse all the rubber hangers when installing the Banks parts, so don’t lose them.
Banks2. The biggest headache is removing the stock turbine outlet pipe (T.O.P.). Reaching it against the firewall and under Ford’s cowl is one thing, but getting it snaked out of the chassis is another.
TIP:
We ended up removing the engine hoist bracket on the back of the head, the skidplate, and the transmission crossmember from under the truck. Even then we still had to raise the truck on jackstands in order to twist the pipe out. The Banks T.O.P. is shorter and goes back in without a problem.
Banks3. The factory catalytic converter will be reused after trimming about 8 inches off the inlet.
TIP: Work toward the rear of the truck, adding the Banks pieces in this order: front intermediate pipe, stock converter, rear intermediate pipe, Monster muffler, tailpipe, and tip.
Banks4. Install any removed hanger brackets first and don’t tighten any clamps until the entire system is in place.
TIP: Since the exhaust system expands when it warms up, the bottom of all rubber hangers should angle slightly toward the front of the truck. Everything can then be adjusted to hang correctly before the clamps get snugged down.
Banks5. Finally, add the Banks tip. Step back from the truck and sight from the rear to level the tip.
TIP:
Banks has added a small hole in the tip to allow condensation to drain out—be sure it points down.

 

Techni-Cooler®

A Cooler Intercooler

On the other end of the engine, the Banks Big Hoss Bundle opens up the congested Ford breathing. You’ve probably heard how engines are just big air pumps: Pumping more air means more fuel can be delivered and more power can be made. It’s all about the flow. Banks starts with the better-flowing intake elbow it calls a High-Ram; a new, more efficient intercooler (also referred to as a charge-air-cooler or CAC) it has named the Techni-Cooler; and finally, adds 3 ½-inch inlet and outlet boost tubes (up from Ford’s 3-inchers) for a reported 45-percent reduction in pressure drop while retaining a maximum reduction in boost temperatures. Air densities are increased. How does this work? Have you ever accidentally touched a compressor while it was running? Don’t go run out and do this. Take it from us, it’s hot and you will be burned.  When air (or any gas) is compressed (as in a turbo) it heats up. The intercooler’s job is to reduce these temperatures without letting too much pressure escape.  This has the effect of contracting the air so it becomes more dense. To wit: More air, more fuel, more power, and much more fun.

 

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Banks1. There’s nothing tricky about the removal of the stock Ford intercooler or installation of the Banks Techni-Cooler. Once the airbox and batteries are out of the way, several brackets and mounts are removed until four bolts allow you to take out the top of the radiator support. Believe us, it sounds more difficult than it actually is. In fact, the Ford-designed removable radiator support makes this one of the easier intercooler replacements.
TIP:
If you’ve never removed the Super Duty airbox before, you’ll wonder what in heck is still holding it on. It’s these two hidden clips on the bottom of the airbox (arrows) that snap into holes in the battery tray assembly. Do automotive engineers these days get their start at Revell?
Banks2. The driver-side battery tray gets spaced up ½ inch to make more room for the bigger Banks boost tube. Notice the spacer plate (A) Banks includes for this purpose. One hole (B) must also be drilled lower by the same amount in the tray bracket. Next, a bracket under the passenger-side battery must be trimmed off for boost tube clearance. Pick a metal-cutting device of your choice (hacksaw, Sawzall, cut-off wheel, shears, or nibblers), but be careful to not hit the air-conditioning hose nearby.
TIP:
Be sure to touch up the freshly cut edge with some paint to fend off rust.
Banks3. The Banks High-Ram intake is larger and less restrictive than the factory piece. But because of the increased size, the plastic fan shroud must be sacrificed a little by trimming about 2 inches. Banks includes studs for the High-Ram which must be thread-locked and double-nutted for installation.
TIP: Since the two studs on the driver side are open inside the intake, be sure to add the O-rings and thread-sealing washers Banks provides to eliminate any possibility for a pressure leak (there’s no such thing as a vacuum leak on a turbo’d engine).
Banks4. The two Banks boost tubes, hoses, and clamps finish up the intake mods.
TIP: Take your time to correctly position and tighten the full-circle clamps. You shouldn’t have any problem with the straight- or bump-hoses, but the conical-shaped adapter hose on the turbine outlet (arrow) can be tricky. We thought we had it all buttoned up on a few tries, only to have the hose blow off once the boost pressure came up.  Although it made a cool sound like a blower popping on a drag car, the loss of boost was very uncool. When we took more pains to center the clamp and tighten it a little more, everything stayed put.

 


 

Banks Kits

Of Six-Guns & Speed-Loaders

We’re not talking about Louis L’Amor westerns and Dirty Harry movies. The big ammo of the Banks Big Hoss Bundle are the high-caliber electronics rammed inside the Six-Gun Diesel Tuner and its sidearm, the inline Speed-Loader module. But enough of the firearm analogies. With airflow increases provided by the intake and exhaust mods, a minor power bump will be noticed—but to really kick it up a notch, more fuel needs to be delivered into that airflow. The Six-Gun Tuner controls all three fuel parameters; injector pulse width, timing, and fuel pressure. The Six-Gun is adjustable via a dash-mounted, six-position knob that allows the driver to dial up the power from stock to 100 percent in 20-percent increments. But what’s really great are the built-in safety systems—AutoRate and ActiveSafety. These systems allow the huge power increases, while simultaneously protecting your truck’s drivetrain. The Banks electronics actually work with the Ford electronics so that power (fuel) can be pulled back at the moment of shifting to lessen torque-loading the components. Other items such as torque-converter lockup protection, coolant temperature monitoring, and safe turbo calibration are also included. The Six-Gun is even smart enough to diagnose itself and provides automatic bypass if needed. The Speed-Loader provides additional protection by monitoring and limiting exhaust gas temperatures (EGT) to safe levels. A side benefit of the Speed-Loader protection is that even more horsepower is allowed since the module keeps close tabs on the EGT.

 

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Banks1. The Six-Gun Diesel Tuner by itself is an easy install—especially if you still have the driver-side battery out from installing the Techni-Cooler. The Six-Gun (left) ties into the Ford powertrain control module (PCM) with three T-taps and a harness patch to the center socket (right).
TIP:
Be sure to go slowly and follow the Banks instructions to the letter. Modern trucks have complex electrical systems, and if you don’t splice in to the correct wires, those wiring gremlins are gonna get ya bad.
Banks2. Move inside the truck and find a place to run the Six-Gun harness to the dash-mounted control knob. Don’t forget to plug the Speed-Loader inline with the Six-Gun switch.  We had plenty of wires going through stock firewall grommets, so we carefully drilled a new hole and ran a grommet and a little silicone over the Six-Gun wires to seal them.
TIP:
The Six-Gun wires have enough length so you can mount the switch just about anywhere within the driver’s reach on your dash. Just be sure to check clearances on the backside of the dash before you drill any holes.
Banks3. Besides being plugged inline with the Six-Gun Tuner, the Speed-Loader also needs to get a signal from a thermocouple installed into the driver-side exhaust manifold.
TIP:
You’ll curse and scrape your knuckles getting the thing off, but it’s better and easier to modify it on the workbench. Safer too, since you’ll need to be sure and clean all metal shavings out of the manifold before reinstalling it. You don’t want anything, no matter how small, getting into the turbo or it will die. Drill it, tap it, seal it, tighten it, clean it, and bolt it back on the truck.
Banks4. Is this a complete kit or what? Banks includes a pair of its DynaFact gauges to monitor your newborn diesel monster. The pyrometer reads exhaust gas temperatures from 0 to 1,600 degrees, while the boost gauge reads 0-50 psi. Both simply plug into the Six-Gun harness.
TIP: Position these babies where you can see them. Modified diesel trucks spin ‘em almost as fast as a tachometer. Banks even offers an A-pillar pod if you want. The Speed-Loader will hold EGTs to a 1,350-degree maximum.

 


 

Banks Kits

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Power, Glorious Power

The Banks Big Hoss Bundle does not produce subtle power improvements—these are changes no one’s seat-of-the-pants can miss. We’re talking copious, tire-shredding, giddy-laughter-inducing, born-again kind of power. In 2WD, as the turbo comes up on the boost (which is almost instantaneous), the rear tires will break loose. If exhibition of speed isn’t your thing, you ought to feel what it’s like to pull into a passing lane going uphill, lay on a little pedal, and watch the cars disappear without even a downshift to interrupt the flow of g-forces pushing you ever deeper into the seat. Although different dynos can give you different numbers for power output, we wanted to see what kind of gains we were getting without depending too much on our backsides. We hooked up our Tesla G-Tech Pro Competition meter in our test truck and made some runs. The first thing we noted was that our G-Tech, for some reason, couldn’t pick up rpm in our diesel F-250, so we were bummed we couldn’t get torque numbers. (The unit has worked flawlessly in our gasoline-powered vehicles.) We could, however, get horsepower, elapsed times, and g-force readings. Note how the Banks Six-Gun Tuner pulls out power (arrows) at the time of each shift, dropping for just a moment close to the stock levels. Our quarter-mile times for our 4-ton truck dropped a full two seconds. That’s what we call an H.O. 6.0!

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